From Emergence to Emergency (exit)

Despite the hotel’s firealarm, which forced us all to leave the room, out to the “pleasant” New Orleans’ weather, when I was on slide 12, I eventually finished the presentation of this paper in the 2011 Congress on Evolutionary Computation:

Fernandes, Isidoro, Barata, Merelo, Rosa, From Pherographia to Color Pherographia – Color Sketching with Artificial Ants

Abstract—Ant algorithms are known to return effective results in those problems that may be reduced to finding paths through a graph. However, this class of bio-inspired heuristics have raised the interest of the artistic community as well, namely of the artists that work on the blurred border between art and science. This paper describes an extension of an ant algorithm that, although has been designed as an edge detection tool and a model for collective perception, has also been used for creating artworks that were exhibited to a heterogeneous audience. The algorithm is a self-organized and stigmergic social insects’ model that is able to evolve lines along the contours of an image, in a decentralized and local manner. The result is the emergence of global patterns called pheromone maps. These maps – which were later named with the term pherographia – are grayscale sketches of the original black-and-white image on top of which the model evolves. This work goes beyond grayscale images and addresses colored pherographia, by proposing several image transformation and border selection methods based on behavioral variations of the basic algorithm.

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Carlos M. Fernandes was born in Luanda in 1973 and lives in between Lisbon, Portugal, and Granada, Spain. He graduated (Technical University of Lisbon, 1998) in Electrotechnics Engineering and owns a master degree in the same field since 2002 (Technical University of Lisbon). He is currently pursuing a Ph.d. on Bio-inspired Computing. From 2001 to 2005 he was an assistant at Instituto Politécnico de Setúbal. (He is also a photographer and photography teacher.) Bio-inspired Computing is his major field of research: Genetic Algorithms, Estimation of Distribution Algorithms, Ant Colony Optimization, Particle Swarm Optimization and other metaheuristics. He is particularly interested in the hybridization of Bio-inspired Computing techniques with Self-Organization, Self-Organized Criticality Models and diversity maintenance strategies. In the present, Dynamic Optimization Problems are his mains target for applying such techniques. website: email:


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